Medial Collateral Ligament Injur
This injury is usually recognized as the most important cause of medial knee pain. First of all, it is better to know what “Medial Collateral Ligament ” is. The MCL is one of the most significant ligaments in your knee that ties your shinbone to your thighbone. This ligament keeps your knee stable and controls your knees’ sideways movements. Stretching or tearing this ligament is one of the main causes of inner knee pain that athletes, particularly rugby players, often experience more. It causes injury to the MCL when a blow pushes the knee inward into the opposite knee. Also, various factors such as twisting the knee while skiing or falling can damage this ligament.
Symptoms of MCL Injury
Depending on the severity of your injury, you may experience mild or severe pain inside your knee. If the blow is severe, you may not be able to walk or even touch the affected area. According to the experience of injured people, you may hear a popping sound during the impact, and the area swells, which is not the same in different people. Knee locking and medial knee pain with flexion are other common symptoms of Medial Collateral Ligament Injury.
Possible Treatments: knee Brace, PRICE
Possible Causes Of Pain
Quadriceps tendonitis this is caused by the irritation, strain or injury to the quadriceps tendon.
This affects the underside of the kneecap and the trochlear groove in the femur in which it moves. When the articular cartilage covering the surfaces of the bone wears away and becomes inflamed the bones come into contact with each other resulting in pain.
A plica is the fold in the thin synovial membrane that lines the knee joint. There were four of these folds in the knee joint originally, but they often become absorbed during foetal development. About 50% of the population is thought to have the remains of the embryonic plicae. When a plica becomes inflamed, perhaps because of repetitive knee movement, trauma or twisting, it causes pain and weakness in the knee.
Lateral patellar facet overload syndrome
This refers to dull aching pain underneath, around the sides or below kneecap. It is caused by increased pressure on the lateral facet of the patella. The reason for this is improper tracking, poor alignment or dislocation of the kneecap. The condition is often apparent during repetitive exercise such as climbing stairs.
Causes Of Medial Knee Pain
Various factors cause Medial knee pain that varies from person to person. But sports injuries, falls, and sudden increase in knee activity are common causes of pain. In children, the causes of medial knee pain may be different from those in adults. For example, patellar tendonitis, patellar subluxation, and Osgood-Schlatter disease are the most common causes of this pain in children. Besides, the leading causes of medial inside knee pain are related to anatomical damage to the inside of the knee, some of which are described below.
Also Check: Side Effects Of Topical Lidocaine
Pain On The Outside Of The Knee
- A burning pain at the outside of the knee may be due to iliotibial band syndrome. The iliotibial band is a ligament running down the outside of the thigh to the outside of the knee which can become inflamed and irritated.
- A tear in one of the two menisci can cause pain, swelling, and a feeling that the knee is giving way or locking.
- A burning sensation at the side of the knee can indicate pressure on the menisci and sometimes can be due to a fluid filled cyst.
How To Figure Out If You Have Meniscus Mcl And Arthritis Damage
Certain problems are easily diagnosed by most doctors.
Trauma is a simple indicator that you need an MRI and have probably meniscus or medial collateral ligament damage. Other data points that contribute to these diagnoses include:
- Pain going up or down stairs.
- Pinching inside of the knee or behind it with restricted flexibility when you bring your heel to your butt. It feels like someone put a wallet in the door-hinge of your knee.
During the heel-to-butt test, a healthy, pain-free knee would let your heel touch your butt the way it does for Amanda above.
If youre over age 50, you could have meniscus or MCL damage. Its more likely that you have arthritis. Arthritis is a garbage can term for bone growth or cartilage shrinking or tearing. Other data points that contribute to this diagnosis includes:
- Pain during inactivity that gets better with some activity .
- The presence of pain/no pain or with/without restricted flexibility are not super relevant when you bring your heel to your butt.
The diagnosis of arthritis in the cartilage under the patella goes at the top of your diagnostic list when you feel pain under the patella at the bottom of a lunge forward with your other leg. If youre not comfortable lunging, you can do the Lunge Stretch Test and have someone pick up your foot when your hip is at the end range of being pushed forward. If theres no pain, you dont likely have articular cartilage damage under the patella.
Recommended Reading: Lidocaine Patch For Headache
Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Dislocation
Proximal tibiofibular joint dislocation is one of the most unusual causes of lateral knee pain. It affects the joint between the top of the shin bone and the fibula, the small, thin bone that runs down the outer side of the shin, just below the knee joint on the outer side.
It takes a large force to dislocate the joint, such as a car accident, but it can also partially dislocate usually due to a fall when the foot is plantar-flexed , which often also damages the tibiofibular ligament.
Symptoms usually include outer knee pain, instability especially during deep squats, and sometimes an obvious deformity at the side of the knee. There may also be associated with damage to the peroneal nerve leading to pins and needles or numbness around the outer knee.
How Do Your Treat Inner Knee Pain
For these issues, follow these steps to relieve the inner knee pain.
- Rest the knee: If the injury occurs while doing sports, running, avoid this activity till the knee is fully healed.
- Use an ice pack: Apply the ice to the injured area, three to four times a day, for at least 20 minutes at a time. It can reduce pain and inflammation. These ice packs are readily available at the market, or you can also prepare them at home.
- Anti-inflammatories:You can also take anti-inflammatory medicines like ibuprofen or aspirin, which are readily available at an online pharmacy and medical stores. If these medicines dont work, a doctor might recommend more potent pain medicines.
Your doctor might recommend:
- Using hot and cold therapy to relieve knee pain.
- Injections of corticosteroid medication for the conditions.
- Surgery to remove or remove the damaged portions of knee tissue.
Don’t Miss: Slitting Your Wrist
Causes Of Inner Knee Pain
The inside or medial part of the knee contains a wide variety of bones, ligaments, and soft tissue structures, all contained within a relatively small area. Because of this, pain in this area of the joint can be tough to diagnose.
Several of the most common conditions that cause medial knee symptoms are listed below.
What Painkiller Is Best For Knee Pain
Seeking interventional orthopedics treatments to address the source of your knee pain and injury should be the specific goal. If a painkiller is needed in the meantime, ditch the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain and swelling and all of their dangerous side effects and opt for supplements that have been shown to be effective for knee pain and swelling in the joint, including curcumin,glucosamine, and chondroitin .
What about steroid injections for knee pain and swelling? Just dont do it! There is a long list of toxic side effects associated with these drugs, including spinal fracture risk, vaginal bleeding, adrenal problems, joint cartilage loss , diminishing relief with each injection, and so much more .
The upshot? You can likely diagnose your own cause of side of knee pain. Just realize that almost everything Ive discussed above doesnt require a big surgery to fix. Instead, highly precise injections of our own platelets or stem cells can usually heal these problems with minimal downtime.
However, be cautious out there as youll find lots of clinics that know very little about treating these issues and that want to charge big bucks to inject magic amniotic or umbilical cord stem cells in this area and then often IV. This is not legit treatment as these are dead tissues being hawked as live stem cells. So buyer beware!
Ann Intern MedChris Centeno, MD
Recommended Reading: Autonomic Cephalalgia
Medial Knee Ligament Sprain
An MCL sprain is a tear to the ligament on the inside of the knee joint. MCL stands for medial collateral ligament. It is caused either by a direct impact to the outside of the knee or from twisting. Symptoms include:
- Sudden onset pain located on the inside of the knee.
- Rapid swelling.
- A positive result for valgus stress test.
- Often they occur in conjunction with an anterior cruciate ligament tear. Or with a meniscus tear.
Medial Collateral Ligament Tear Or Sprain
The MCL is a band of tissue that runs along the inner edge of your knee. It plays a role in connecting your shin and thigh bones to keep your knee stable and working properly. The MCL can tear when it stretches far enough or if the outside of your knee is hit very hard. When your MCL is injured, your knee has the capability to over-extend itself, or bend too far in a direction its not supposed to. That is why its important to get treatment. In order to tend to an MCL tear and reduce pain and swelling, RICE treatment can help.
Also Check: Can Fitbit Cause Wrist Pain
Recommened For Knee Pain
Meniscus Tear – The menisci of the knee are the pieces of cartilage that cushions the knee joint. When the posterior portion of the meniscus is torn, it may cause pain behind the knee .
Other causes – Direct trauma to the knee may also cause behind knee pain. Your doctor will diagnose whether it is a knee sprain or a ligament tear.
Diagnosing Inside Knee Pain
In order to treat pain on the inside of knee, it is very important to get an accurate diagnosis from your physician. If you had trauma or other injury to the knee, it is important to let your doctor know. Your age and activities may also play a factor in helping determine the cause of inside knee pain, so be sure to let your doctor know about your occupation or hobbies that may be affecting your knee.
Your physician will likely have an imaging test such as an MRI or X-ray to be able to see the structures in the knee and determine if there has been damage to the cartilage or ligaments which may be causing pain inside the knee. He or she can then determine if the MCL or meniscus has been stretched or torn.
Also Check: How To Slit Your Wrist To Die
Can You Walk With No Cartilage In Your Knee
If left untreated, the joint, especially if it is a weight-bearing one, such as the knee, can eventually become so damaged that the person cannot walk. Apart from immobility, the pain may slowly get worse. All small articular cartilage defects can eventually progress to osteoarthritis if given enough time.
Inner Knee Pain From Running: How To Fix It
Inner knee pain or medial knee pain from running is a bit of a black box. Unlike many running injuries where all the research points to one clear thing, this one has a few possible causes. In this article well break it all down and fill in this frustrating gap. While there are many causes of medial knee pain, like most running injuries, small changes in training load combined with the correct strengthening exercises will usually free a runner from pain. Today well explain what might cause inner knee pain from running, and then well show you the best exercises to help you get rid of it!
You May Like: Is Lidocaine A Narcotic Drug
Five Common Reasons For Inside Knee Pain
Pain on the inside of the knee can happen to anyone, whether youre a runner, footballer or casual gym-goer. Today, Bodyset Senior MSK Physiotherapist, Matt looks in detail at five of the most common causes of medial knee pain. He also shares tips on how to avoid a knee injury and what to do if you it happens to you.
Medial collateral ligament strain
The MCL is one of the four major ligaments of the knee. The others are the ACL , PCL and LCL . The role of these ligaments is to maintain the stability of the knee joint and prevent forces from moving the thigh and shin bones apart. The MCL runs vertically along the inside of the knee from the thigh bone , across the knee joint to the shin bone . Ligament injuries often occur due to an obvious mechanism of injury, such as a twist or a force hitting the outside of the knee . Dependent on the severity of the injury, there may be swelling, bruising and pain on the inside of the knee. You may also experience difficulty walking and a feeling of instability in the knee.
Medial meniscus injury
Wear and tear
Pes anserine bursitis
What can you do to reduce knee pain?
What can we do to help?
Need some support?
If you are in pain and would like to consult a physiotherapist, book in for a 45-minute assessment. Call 033 0333 0435 or book online below.
What Causes Inner Knee Pain
The common causes:
- General training load. Most likely, inner knee pain is simply the result of training a bit more than your body is ready for. Maybe you did more miles, more hills, ran faster, or slept less than your body expected. As a result of feeling overwhelmed, the body sends a pain signal to the brain to try and slow you down so the tissue can recover.
- Pes anserine bursitis. This is a slightly less common cause of inner knee pain, but its still worth mentioning. Bursa are fluid filled sacs that cushion different tissues. Sometimes the repetitive load of running can irritate one particular bursa sac located 2-3 inches below the knee joint. Here the tendons at the end of the hamstring muscle attach to the shinbone in a shape that resembles a gooses foot, pes anserinus in Latin.
Uncommon Causes: the following issues are unlikely to be the cause of your inner knee pain, but its a good idea to know them in case you need to get checked out by a orthopedic expert.
Recommended Reading: Most Common Side Effects Of Lidocaine
Medial Collateral Ligament Injury
The medial collateral ligament runs along the outside of your inner knee to stabilize the joint. If the ligament overstretches, you may have an MCL sprain.
The MCL can also tear partially or fully. An MCL injury most commonly occurs after force is applied to the outer knee, such as in contact sports.
Symptoms of an MCL injury include:
Why Is Medial Knee Pain So Common
Medial knee injuries are really common because muscle weakness and/or tightness, which is very common, can subtly change the way the knee moves.
This causes more force to go through the inner side of the joint, rather than distributing weight evenly through the whole joint, which results in damage to the inner side of the knee and therefore results in medial knee pain. For example, it is much more common to get osteoarthritis on the inner side of the knee than the outer side.
Also Check: Sore Stomach Pregnancy
Lateral Tibial Plateau Fracture
The tibial plateau is located at the top of the shin at the knee. A break on the outer or lateral part of the tibial plateau can cause considerable knee pain. A lateral tibial plateau fracture is often the result of a vehicle accident or a bad fall that impacts the outer knee directly.
If the bones are still aligned, surgery may not be required to treat the injury. If not, you may need surgery to place the affected bones in their proper position and secure them with screws or plates.
If You Feel Inner Knee Pain Locking Of Your Knee Or Hear A Clicking Sound:
You might be feeling symptoms of medial knee plica syndrome. A lot of people with this syndrome say that their knee doesnt feel stable during daily activities. The Patella Stabilizer Knee Brace can help to feel stability within your knee and aid in the healing process. It also may hurt to walk up and down the stairs or when running. The knee may feel achy or worse at night or when you are active. It may hurt to squat, bend, or get up after you sit for a long period of time.
Recommended Reading: Sore Stomach Early Pregnancy
Inner Knee Pain Here Are Some Of The Top Causes Symptoms Diagnoses And Treatments
- AposHealth Staff
Inner knee pain can show up at the oddest times and can make a normal outing feel more like an inconvenience than a joy! Whether youve just finished watching a movie and go to stand up, or whether youre out running and just when youre in your stride you get this terrible ache in your knee. From squats to lunges to all the different ways your knees support you throughout the day, its important to know that in many cases your knee can feel better. It just requires the right care and approach.
Knee pain can be difficult to understand. Your knee is actually a complex joint made up of many different parts, any or all of which can be painful. Fun right? However, the most common place where knee pain is felt is on the inner side of the knee.
What were referring to is medial knee pain, which is the pain found in the inner side of your knee, the part closest to your other leg. Meaning, you feel pain on the left side of your right knee, or on the right side of your left knee. If youre looking for information about pain inside your knee joint, check out our article on internal knee pain.