Symptoms Of Thyroid Nodules
Many individuals won’t develop signs or symptoms when thyroid nodules develop. However, in some instances, they can enlarge to the point they can be felt or seen at the base of the neck. If they become too big, they can press on the esophagus or windpipe. There are instances where a hormone called thyroxine is produced and can cause hypothyroidism with symptoms such as:
If you noticed swelling on your thyroid, you’d want to seek advice from your ENT. While most nodules are noncancerous, a doctor can help evaluate the swelling and prescribe a course of treatment.
What Causes Neck Pain
Many different things can cause neck pain including injury, age-related disorders, and inflammatory disease. Causes of neck pain and problems may include:
Herniated disk in the neck
Cervical disk degeneration
Congenital abnormalities of the vertebrae and bones
Burning or tingling
Sometimes other symptoms occur along with neck pain such as weakness in your arm or hand, or headaches. Pain can also spread to your back.
How Is Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Administered
A TENS unit is an electrical device that sends low-voltage currents into the body. Electrode pads are placed over specific nerves on the body to conduct the currents from the unit to the nerves.
The frequency of the currents coming from a TENS unit can be turned up or down, ranging from about 10 Hz to 50 Hz. Most sessions with a TENS unit last less than 15 minutes and can be administered as often as needed.
Lymph Node Inflammation Behind The Ear
There are lymph nodes behind the ear. Lymph nodes are where your immune cells live, and when they become enlarged, it could be from a nearby infection, immune response, or even backlog of blood.
Top Symptoms: pain behind the ear, swelling behind the ears
Symptoms that always occur with lymph node inflammation behind the ear: swelling behind the ears
Urgency: Primary care doctor
Acute Pain And Swelling In The Throat Area Can Be A Warning Sign Of Head And Neck Cancer We Spoke To Dr Vinay Samuel Gaikwad To Know The Causes And Risk Factors Associated With The Condition Read On To Know Everything
Head and neck cancers are emerging as a major public health burden in India. According to the India Journal of Cancer , HNC cases comprise 30-40% of all cancer cases in the country. HNC is lifestyle-related cancer that may be prevented or cured if detected at an early stage. HNCs are malignant tumors in the upper aerodigestive area which includes the oral, cavity, nasopharynx, oropharynx, and larynx. It affects different parts of the head and throat. Squamous cell carcinoma is the name given to malignancies that develop on the mucosal layer’s surface. The throat, voice box, sinus, nasal cavity, salivary glands, oral cavity, tongue, lips, gums, roof of the mouth, and nose are all places where this type of cancer can occur.
What Causes Back And Neck Pain
Even with today’s technology, the exact cause of back and neck pain is hard to find. In most cases, back and neck pain may have many different causes. They include:
- Overuse, strenuous activity, or improper use, such as repetitive twisting or heavy lifting
- Trauma, injury, or fractures
- Breakdown of vertebrae, often caused by stresses on the muscles and ligaments that support your spine, or the effects of aging
- Problems of your vertebrae and bones that you were born with
- Abdominal problems, such as an aortic aneurysm
Common Causes Of A Stiff Neck
September 17, 2015 | Blog
A stiff neck may last a few days or even weeks but it usually heals quickly because of the durability of the cervical spine. Sometimes, something as simple as sleeping wrong can cause a stiff neck and occasionally a stiff neck can have more serious implications.
These are the usual culprits that can lead to a stiff neck:
Muscle Strain or Sprain
The levator scapula muscle running the length of the back and side of the neck connects the cervical spine to the shoulder and is controlled by the third and forth cervical nerves. A muscle sprain or strain particularly to this area can lead to a stiff neck. You can strain this muscle while doing many everyday activities, such as:
- Sleeping without proper support from a pillow and in a poor posture can stretch this muscle unnecessarily.
- Any repetitive activity that involves turning the head from side to side, as in swimming, can result in stiff neck.
- Poor posture that tilts the head, like when cradling the phone between the neck and shoulder, or viewing the computer monitor for long hours which contracts the neck muscle.
- Stress that causes tension knots in the neck.
Cervical Spine Disorders
The cervical spine consists of the spinal cord, vertebrae, and discs of the upper part of your neck. When any part of the cervical spine becomes misaligned, it will cause pain and stiffness to the neck. The stiffness in the neck can be an indicator of an underlying disorder such as:
Meningitis / Infection
What Is Neck Pain
Neck pain is pain in or around the spine beneath your head, known as the cervical spine. Neck pain is a common symptom of many different injuries and medical conditions.
You might have axial neck pain or radicular neck pain . It can be acute or chronic .
Neck pain can interfere with daily activities and reduce your quality of life if left untreated.
Neck Pain Range Of Symptoms
Neck pain can range from being minor and easily ignored to excruciating and interfering with daily activities, such as the ability to dress, concentrate, or sleep. Sometimes neck pain can lead to a stiff neck and reduced range of motion.
The duration of neck pain is commonly classified as follows:
- Acute. Pain that lasts less than 4 weeks.
- Subacute. Pain that lasts 4 to 12 weeks.
- Chronic. Pain that lasts 3 or more months.
Neck pain may be sharp and located in one spot, or it might feel less intense but spread across a broader region. Sometimes the pain gets referred up to the head or accompanies a headache. Other times it can be accompanied by muscle spasms in the neck, upper back, or around the shoulder blade. Less commonly, shock-like pain or tingling may radiate down into the shoulder, arm, and/or hand.
Treatment And Medication Options For Neck Pain
Recommended treatments for neck pain vary with the cause of your pain. In general, the goals of treatment are to relieve pain and improve function.
Self-care options that may help resolve neck pain include:
- Taking over-the-counter pain relievers
- Using heat or ice packs, or alternating between both
- Gentle stretches and neck exercises
Red Flags For Serious Causes Of Neck Pain
Its rare, but of course once in a while neck pain may be a warning sign of cancer, infection, autoimmune disease, or some kind of structural problem like spinal cord injury or a threat to an important blood vessel. Some of these ominous situations cause hard-to-miss signs and symptoms other than pain and most are likely to be diagnosed correctly and promptly so, if it feels serious, stop consulting Dr. Google and just go get checked out.
Otherwise, if you are aware of the red flags, you can get checked out when the time is right and avoid excessive worry until then.
A personal worry example One day I became convinced that the terrible stubborn pain in my neck had to be a cancer. It was one of the lowest moments of my life. The pain had been escalating slowly for months, and eventually it got so severe and unrelenting that I lost my cool. But then, after an emergency massage appointment, I felt almost completely better and that particular pain never bothered me again.
This is often how it goes with chronic pain: just when we think we cant stand it anymore, it finally goes away. Its always darkest before the dawn.
The rule of thumb is that you should start a more thorough medical investigation when all three of these conditions are met, three general red flags for neck pain:
Several More Specific Red Flags For Neck Pain: A Checklist
Check all that apply. Most people will not be able to check many of these! But the more you can check, the more worthwhile it is to ask your doctor if its possible that theres something more serious going on than just neck pain. Most people who check off an item or two will turn out not to have an ominous health issue. But red flags are reasons to check not reasons to worry.
When To Worry About Neck Pain And When Not To
We fear spine pain more than we fear other kinds of pain. Backs and necks seem vulnerable. And yet most spinal pain does not have a serious cause. The bark of neck pain is usually worse than its bite. This article explains how to tell the difference.
Please do seek care immediately if youve been in an accident or you have very severe or weird pain or other symptoms obviously. This article is for non-emergency situations. But if you have neck pain thats been starting to worry you, this is a good place to get some reassurance and decide whether or not to talk to a doctor.
Although its rare, once in a while neck pain may be a warning sign of cancer, infection, autoimmune disease, or some kind of structural problem like spinal cord injury or a threat to an important blood vessel. Some of these ominous situations cause hard-to-miss signs and symptoms other than pain and are likely to be diagnosed correctly and promptly so, if it feels serious, go get checked out. Otherwise, if you are aware of the red flags, you can get checked out when the time is right and avoid excessive worry until then.
A personal worry example
This is often how it goes with chronic pain: just when we think we cant stand it anymore, it finally goes away. Its always darkest before the dawn.
When To Call A Doctor For Neck Pain
Most often neck pain will resolve on its own. But what are the signs that neck pain could be more serious and need a doctors opinion?
As a general guideline, the Mayo Clinic says you should contact a doctor if your neck pain:
- Is severe
- Persists for several days without relief
- Spreads down arms or legs
- Is accompanied by a headache, numbness, weakness, or tingling
Is Right Or Left Neck Pain Significant
Its surprising how often folks find this article because they are searching for information on neck pain left side or oddly much less often neck pain right side. People wonder if the side their pain is clinically significant.
Average neck anatomy is almost perfectly symmetrical. There are, of course, many individual anatomical variations, so anyone could have an asymmetric neck but those are unpredictable quirks that dont help diagnose anything. In many cases, we dont even have any way of knowing they exist at all.
And of course something can go wrong on one side and not the other even when you are perfectly symmetrical.
But you could tell the worlds greatest neck pain diagnostician which side your pain is on, and that wouldnt get her any closer to the answer. Revealing the side of the pain wouldnt give Dr. Gregory House a diagnostic a-ha! moment.
Please dont worry about the side of your pain its not an important detail.
Whiplash Or A Sudden Jolt To The Neck
Whiplash describes an injury to the neck where the head jolts forward and then back into place very quickly.
The movement resembles the crack of a whip. People tend to think of whiplash in relation to car accidents, but it can also occur as a result of sporting activities and other sudden movements.
Enlarged Lymph Nodes In The Neck
Enlarged lymph nodes occur when the node becomes larger as it fills with inflammatory cells. This often is a result of an infection but can occur without a known cause.
Top Symptoms: neck bump, movable neck lump
Symptoms that always occur with enlarged lymph nodes in the neck: neck bump
Symptoms that never occur with enlarged lymph nodes in the neck:unintentional weight loss, fever, hard neck lump
Urgency: Phone call or in-person visit
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, or DISH, sees abnormal bone development as the ligaments calcify and harden. Known as Forestiers disease, this condition is a form of arthritis, and the exact cause of the calcification is unknown.
Treatment primarily focuses on any symptoms. Exercise, pain medications, therapy, and surgery may be recommended. Surgery is done in cases where the airway can be constricted or obstructed by the hardened ligaments.
Diagnosing A Sinus Infection
To diagnose a sinus infection, your doctor will feel for tenderness in your nose and face. They will also look inside your nose and can usually make a diagnosis based on a physical exam. To visually inspect your sinuses, the doctor may use a nasal endoscopy, where they insert a thin, flexible tube into your nostril.
For more severe cases, your doctor may recommend imaging studies like a CT scan. These are less common and typically only used when the doctor suspects complications or abnormalities. If you have chronic sinus infections, your doctor may want to examine your sinuses for deformities or damage.
To diagnose a sinus infection, your doctor will feel for tenderness in your nose and face. They will also look inside your nose and can usually make a diagnosis based on a physical exam.
If the treatment for your sinus infection doesnt seem to be working or if the infection comes back, the doctor may take tissue samples from your nose and sinus cavities. While lab tests arent generally necessary for an initial diagnosis, these cultures may help a doctor check for indications of a more severe bacterial infection.
If your persistent sinus infections arent caused by damage or deformity to the sinuses themselves, you may be referred to an allergist for allergy testing to help pinpoint the allergens responsible and help you avoid them or take medications to control the reactions.
What Is Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
This disorder is associated with having an abscess or infection in your mouth. As we have discussed before, if you have this dental problem, everything will get inflamed. This is where temporomandibular joint disorder comes in.
Basically, this is just an affliction, which means that there is a chronic or acute inflammation at the temporomandibular joint. This specific joint is directly connected to the mandible of your skull. Meaning, your chin, mouth, neck, ears, forehead, and head are included when this joint is affected.
Therefore, a simple inflammation that leads to this disorder will cause pain in the said areas even if the root cause is just your gums or teeth. Some of the symptoms of this disorder are popping or clicking of the jaw, tooth pain, headache, difficulty chewing, swelling, fever, and neck pain.
Simple Effective Tmj And Sternocleidomastoid Treatments
There are a wide-range of effective, validated treatment options for Temporomandibular Joint Disorder including home treatment options, conservative care therapies and surgery.
Established as one of the most complex joints in humans, surgery is considered only in extreme circumstances when all other options have been exhausted.
How Are Neck And Shoulder Pain Treated
The treatment of soft tissue neck and shoulder pain often includes the use of anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen or naproxen . Pain relievers such as acetaminophen may also be recommended. Depending on the source of pain, drugs like muscle relaxers and even antidepressants might be helpful. Pain also may be treated with a local application of moist heat or ice. Local corticosteroid injections are often helpful for arthritis of the shoulder. For both neck and shoulder pain movement, exercises may help. For cases in which nerve roots or the spinal cord are involved, surgical procedures may be necessary. Your doctor can tell you which is the best course of treatment for you.
Spondyloarthritis In The Neck
Other types of neck arthritis include psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, which are both considered a type of arthritis called spondyloarthritis. Its an umbrella term for inflammatory diseases that involve both the joints and entheses, the places where ligaments and tendons attach to the bones.
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis often accompanied by psoriasis, an inflammatory skin disease. For some people who have psoriatic arthritis, the condition involves the spine, which impacts the neck. Pain happens when inflammation strikes the joints between the vertebrae. This pain can occur on just one side of the body, the neck, and the lower and upper back. Read more about psoriatic arthritis symptoms.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that strikes the bones in your spine and pelvis as well as peripheral joints. Early signs and symptoms might include pain and stiffness in your lower back and hips, especially in the morning and after inactivity. Fatigue and neck pain are common. AS symptoms might worsen, improve, or stop at irregular intervals.
How Can You Get A Neck Pain Diagnosis
Neck pain is most often diagnosed by a primary care provider. The most important aspect of treatment is to try to identify the underlying cause of the pain, as this will direct the treatment, explains Dr. Bonte.
For example, if the cause is due to a muscle imbalance or poor ergonomics , it is important to address these underlying issues when thinking through the overall treatment plan.
To assess your neck pain, your healthcare provider will:
- Ask for your medical history
- Ask questions to determine the source of your pain, including:
- When did the pain start?
- What activities preceded the pain?
- What have you tried to relieve the neck pain?
- Does the pain radiate or travel into other body parts?
- What makes the pain less or greater?
Your doctor visit may include a neurological examination that tests your reflexes, muscle strength, sensory and/or motor challenges, and pain distribution in order to help them make the correct diagnosis.
What Are The Possible Causes Of Neck Pain
Many different medical issues and injuries can cause neck pain. Conditions that may cause neck pain include:
- Aging: Degenerative conditions such as osteoarthritis and spinal stenosis can lead to neck pain as you age. Over time, stress and motion can lead to spinal disc degeneration, causing a herniated disc or pinched nerve.
- Injury: Trauma from sudden forced movement of the neck or head and rebound in the opposite direction can cause pain and soreness. The muscles, ligaments, discs, vertebral joints and nerve roots in the spine cord in the neck can be affected in trauma injuries.
- Mental stress: Tightening your neck muscles due to tension commonly causes neck pain and stiffness.
- Physical strain: Overusing your neck muscles during repetitive actions or strenuous activities can lead to stiffness and pain.
- Conditions that affect spinal balance: Poor posture , being overweight, weak abdominal muscles can all affect spine posture and contribute to neck pain.
- Growths: In rare cases, masses including tumors, cysts and bone spurs can cause neck pain.
- Other health conditions:Meningitis, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer.
Degeneration Or Wear And Tear
The vertebrae and discs in the neck will wear down with age. As they degenerate, a person may experience chronic, or persistent, pain in the neck.
Some medical conditions can also cause the vertebrae, discs, and other parts of the neck to break down.
These conditions may include:
- cervical disc degeneration
What Are The Symptoms Of Back And Neck Pain
Symptoms linked to back pain may include:
- Dull, burning, or sharp pain in your back. The pain can be limited to a single spot or cover a large area.
- Leg numbness or tingling above or below your knee
- Stiffness or aching that occurs anywhere along your spine from your neck to your tailbone
- Sharp, shooting pain that spreads from your low back to your buttocks, down the back of your thigh, and into your calf and toes
- Consistent ache in the middle or lower part of your back, especially after standing or sitting for a long period
Loss of bladder and bowel control with weakness in both legs are symptoms of a serious condition that needs medical attention right away.
Symptoms linked to neck pain can be:
- Arm numbness or tingling
- Shoulder pain
- Sharp shooting pain or a dull ache in your neck
Pain that occurs suddenly in your back or neck from an injury is acute pain. Acute pain comes on quickly and may leave sooner than chronic back or neck pain. This type of pain should not last more than 6 weeks.
Pain that may come on quickly or slowly and lingers for 3 months or more is chronic pain. Chronic pain is less common than acute pain.
Swollen Glands In The Neck
Welcome to our Decision Guide on Swollen Glands in the Neck.
The term “swollen glands” usually refers to enlarged lymph nodes. In fact, lymph nodes are not actually glands. They are small bundles of white blood cells that are present in multiple areas throughout our body.
One of the ways the body’s immune system responds to infections and inflammation is to greatly increase the number of white cells in the lymph nodes causing them to swell. Most often swollen lymph nodes are caused by an infection or some other benign condition. Less commonly, lymph nodes enlarge related to cancer.
The parts of the body where people and their doctors can see or feel swollen lymph nodes include the neck, armpit, and groin areas.
This guide will focus only on “swollen glands” in the neck. By answering a short series of questions, you will learn about the most common reasons for your swollen glands in the neck.
This guide is not intended to replace the evaluation and advice of a health care professional.
Are the “swollen glands” confined to your neck?
Rare Causes Of Right Side Neck Pain
There are less common causes of neck pain that may be more severe. These may include:
- damage to the nerves, vertebrae, or spinal cord
When neck pain is mild or moderate, it is usually possible to treat the symptoms at home. Some cases of neck pain will clear up quickly over the course of a day while others may require a few weeks to resolve fully.
A person may wish to use home remedies before seeking medical help. People can try the following methods to ease their pain:
- taking over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications
- applying heat using heating pads, baths, or warm, moist towels
- massaging and manipulating the neck
- stretching the neck
- applying ice to the injured area
- practicing good posture when sitting, standing, and walking
- sleeping in a position that supports the neck
- performing exercises to help keep the neck strong
However, home remedies may not always alleviate the pain. Some people will require medical treatment to achieve relief from their neck pain. The exact treatment will depend on whether or not any underlying conditions are causing the pain.
A doctor may try the following additional treatments:
- muscle relaxants