How Is A Meniscus Tear Treated
Treatment may include resting your knee, using ice on it, wrapping it with an elastic bandage, and propping it up on pillows. It may also include physical therapy and surgery. Your treatment depends on the type of tear, where it is, and how serious it is. It also depends on your age and how active you are.
First Aid For Knee Injuries In The First 48 To 72 Hours
- Stop your activity immediately. Dont work through the pain.
- Rest the joint at first.
- Reduce pain, swelling and internal bleeding with icepacks, applied for 15 minutes every couple of hours.
- Bandage the knee firmly and extend the wrapping down the lower leg.
- Elevate the injured leg.
- Dont apply heat to the joint.
- Avoid alcohol, as this encourages bleeding and swelling.
- Dont massage the joint, as this encourages bleeding and swelling.
Home Treatment For Swollen Knees
It is important to consult with your physician before choosing a treatment plan. If advised by your doctor, over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can aid in treating minor cases of knee swelling. Usually, these cases are due to knee osteoarthritis, non-septic knee bursitis, or a minor injury.
The RICE formula can also work. RICE is rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
- Rest: Rest for a period of 24 hours or longer to give the joint time to recover.
- Ice: Icing the area for 20 minutes three to four times per day can help decrease swelling and aid in healing. It is important to avoid putting ice directly on the skin.
- Compression: Wrapping the knee with an elastic bandage can help to limit swelling, but make sure it is not too tight.
- Elevation: Elevate the knee to help reduce blood flow to the area, which can help to reduce the swelling.
With RICE, swelling often goes down in one to three days.
When Should I See The Doctor About Knee Pain
The knee is one of the largest joint in the body. It is one of the few joints in the body that allows for a wide range of motion, up to 150 degrees. The knee depends on a complex system of muscles, tendons, bones, cartilages, and ligaments to perform these functions. Considering that the knee is always in constant movement, it is prone to injury, causing knee pain.
In most cases, the knee pain will go away on its own. However, some types of knee pain can signal more severe underlying conditions. Its therefore essential to know when to see a physician for your knee pain in Plano TX. In case you have the following symptoms, you should consider seeing an orthopedic physician as soon as possible to receive the necessary treatment for your knee pain.
Persistent pain that lasts for more than 48 hoursOne of the surest signs you need to see a physician for knee pain in Plano TX is consistent pain that doesnt go away after 48 hours. If you have already tried self-care methods such as ice, OTC medicine, rest, and they dont seem to work, you could be experiencing a problem with your joint. Mostly, muscle problems will subside after a few hours of rest and self-care. However, if the pain goes for 48 hours, its an indication you are dealing with a bigger problem that needs professional attention.
To schedule an appointment with one our specialists, contact our scheduling department at 972-250-5700 or request an appointment online.
What Causes A Sciatic Flare
Many lifestyle choices can cause sciatica to appear or flare up. Most relate to a persons chronic sedentary lifestyle.
Sitting for long periods, especially with bad posture, can trigger symptoms or make them worse. Even lying down for long periods can aggravate the sciatic nerve.
Another acute cause of sciatica is lifting heavy objects without the proper technique. This can lead to a slipped disk, which can put pressure on the sciatic nerve.
What Is A Meniscus Tear
A meniscus tear is a common knee injury. The meniscus is a rubbery, C-shaped disc that cushions your knee. Each knee has two menisci one at the outer edge of the knee and one at the inner edge. They keep your knee steady by balancing your weight across the knee. A torn meniscus can prevent your knee from working right.
One To Two Weeks After Surgery
During this time, physical therapy concentrates on balance, range-of-motion and strengthening exercises. This may include:
- Leg raises
- Practice getting up from a sitting position
- Knee straightening exercises
- Supported knee bendswith the goal of eventually having the knee bend to a 90-degree angle
- Walkingif you need to use a cane or walker, the physical therapist will work with you ensure youre using them properly
Urgent Advice: Get Advice From 111 Now If:
- your knee is very painful
- you cannot move your knee or put any weight on it
- your knee is badly swollen or has changed shape
- you have a very high temperature, feel hot and shivery, and have redness or heat around your knee this can be a sign of infection
111 will tell you what to do. They can tell you the right place to get help if you need to see someone.
Go to or .
You can also go to an urgent treatment centre if you need to see someone now.
They’re also called walk-in centres or minor injuries units.
You may be seen quicker than you would at A&E.
How To Treat Knee Inflammation
This article was co-authored by Jonathan Frank, MD. Dr. Jonathan Frank is an Orthopedic Surgeon based in Beverly Hills, California, specializing in sports medicine and joint preservation. Dr. Frank’s practice focuses on minimally invasive, arthroscopic surgery of the knee, shoulder, hip, and elbow. Dr. Frank holds an MD from the University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine. He completed an orthopedic residency at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago and a fellowship in Orthopedic Sports Medicine and Hip Preservation at the Steadman Clinic in Vail, Colorado. He is a staff team physician for the US Ski and Snowboard Team. Dr. Frank is currently a scientific reviewer for top peer-reviewed scientific journals, and his research has been presented at regional, national, and international orthopedic conferences, winning several awards including the prestigious Mark Coventry and William A Grana awards.There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 65,708 times.
Symptoms Of A Swollen Knee
- The skin around the kneecap is puffy
- The knee is stiff and its difficult to bend or straighten it
- Its painful and bearing weight is difficult or impossible
- Redness or warmth
Swelling that does not go away, also known as chronic swelling, can lead to joint damage, cartilage degradation, or bone softening.
Professional Help For Knee Injuries
- Aspiration if the knee joint is grossly swollen, the doctor may release the pressure by drawing off some of the fluid with a fine needle.
- Physiotherapy including techniques to reduce pain, kneecap taping, exercises for increased mobility and strength, and associated rehabilitation techniques.
- Arthroscopic surgery or keyhole surgery, where the knee operation is performed by inserting slender instruments through small incisions . Cartilage tears are often treated with arthroscopic surgery.
- Open surgery required when the injuries are more severe and the entire joint needs to be laid open for repair.
What Is The Prognosis Of A Knee Injury
The prognosis of a knee injury depends on the type and severity of the injury.
Most minor knee injuries heal on their own with conservative treatment. The prognosis for these types of injures is good.
Ligament or cartilage injuries that lead to dysfunction or instability of the knee may require surgery. These injuries generally respond well to surgery and patients can ultimately gain full or nearly full range of knee motion.
Prevention Tips For Knee Injuries
- Warm up joints and muscles by gently going through the motions of your sport or activity and stretching muscles.
- Wear appropriate footwear.
- Avoid sudden jarring motions.
- Try to turn on the balls of your feet when youre changing direction, rather than twisting through your knees.
- Cool down after exercise by performing light, easy and sustained stretches
- Build up an exercise program slowly over time.
What Increases My Risk For A Knee Sprain
Theres no way to completely avoid the possibility of spraining your knee. Sometimes a knee sprain will be unavoidable based on the sharp movement or blow to your knee. Some people are more prone to this injury than others, depending on their physical shape and their flexibility. If a person sprains their knee once, they have an increased risk of doing it again.
There are some precautions people can take to lower the risk of a knee sprain, including:
- Wearing sturdy shoes.
- Warming up and stretching thoroughly before exercising.
- Warming down after an exercise.
- Avoiding a sudden increase in exercise. Try gradually ramping up your exercise to avoid placing too much pressure on your knee. For instance, instead of breaking into a spring, start with walking, then jogging, then sprinting.
- Stay in good physical shape. Keep your core and glutes and leg muscles strong
Other Tactics You Can Use To Avoid Injury:
- Choose the right shoes, and know when to replace them. Avid runners will be prone to knee pain if they wear incorrect running shoes, such as a shoe designed for a low arch worn by someone with a high arch, or if they fail to replace their running shoes in the correct time interval, typically at 200 to 300 miles depending on body type and shoe type, Bayes says.
- Stretch properly. Tight muscles are at risk for strain and can put extra force on the knees and other joints.
- Get adequate rest. Take at least one to two days off from running per week to avoid overuse.
- Stay well-hydrated. by even 5 percent has been shown to increase injury risk, Schulz says.
Once you know what to do to avoid an injury,
What Specialists Treat Knee Injuries
A knee injury may first be examined and treated by a primary care provider , such as a family practitioner, an internist, or a child’s pediatrician. If you go to the emergency room for your knee injury, you will be seen by an emergency medicine specialist.
If the knee injury is severe, you may be referred to an orthopedist or an orthopedic surgeon. If your knee injury is related to sports, you may see a sports medicine specialist.
Other medical professionals who may be involved in treating your injured knee include physical therapists, occupational therapists, or other rehabilitation specialists.
What Causes Knee Injuries
More often than not, knee injuries are caused by overexerting the knee or the areas surrounding it. While doing sports, athletes could possibly bend or twist it in such a way that a muscle tears or a bone breaks. Accidents involving high amounts of force such as motor vehicle crashes can also cause knee injuries. Having certain diseases such as osteoporosis, arthritis, or joint disease can also increase ones chances of injuring their knees. Though it is impossible to completely avoid injury, here are several risk factors that could increase the chances of knee injury:
Will My Knee Injury Ever Get Better
If youre an active person, a pestering knee injury can put a real damper on everyday activities. Without functioning knees, youll lack the basic stability to support the rest of your body; therefore, its important to take care of vital joints and get proper treatment if you are experiencing nagging knee pain. Knee injuries and discomfort are quite common, but they rarely become chronic. If pain and swelling persist after a few days followed by no signs of healing, it may indicate a more serious knee injury that requires a full evaluation from a medical professional.
Your Recovery Timeline: What To Expect After Knee Replacement Surgery
Your range of motion capabilities often progress rapidly during the first three months following surgery, provided you are working with a physical therapist and following your doctors recommendations. Your range of motion may continue to improve for up to two years after your surgery.
You can expect to use a variety of stretches and exercises in order to achieve optimal motion with your replaced knee. The normal range of motion after a knee replacement is defined as being able to bend your knee back to 90 degrees.
Knee Injury Risk Factors
- Sports – Many sports require movements that place added stress on your knees Skiing, for example, can lead to stress on the knees due to the restricted movement of your feet. Another example is basketball where players have to pivot and jump. These sudden and repetitive movements can put stress on the knees.
- Previously injured knee – If youve already hurt your knee once, then it may not be as strong as it was before. Unfortunately, this could make it easier for you to injure your knee again.
- Excessive weight – If you put on a lot of weight, your bones have more work to do to support that mass. For those who are very overweight, even ordinary daily activities can cause wear and tear on the knees.
- Weak muscles – A lack of strength and flexibility in your muscles can also contribute to knee injuries. Strong muscles protect bones and joints. Aside from this, they also make you very stable and balanced, thereby decreasing the risk of falls.
- Gender – Women are more likely to develop knee injuries simply because of how their bodies are built, for example, the way their hip bone is attached to the thigh bone and the fact that they carry greater mass on the lower body.
Should I See A Doctor For Knee Sprain Treatment
If you suspect you have sprained your knee, try and restrict movement and physical activity. Its recommended that you ice your knee in intervals of 15 to 20 minutes to combat swelling. Within a day or so of your injury, youll have a good idea how severe your sprain is based on the pain and discomfort you feel trying to move. If the pain is still intense and youre struggling to move around, youll want to see a healthcare provider to determine the severity of the injury and to make sure you didnt tear one of your knee ligaments.
Your healthcare provider will examine your injured knee and check for swelling, tenderness, discoloration, and fluid inside the knee joint, among other symptoms. He or she may also test your range of motion and the strength of your ligaments. To determine the source of a more severe injury, your physician may order additional diagnostic tests. The initial visit will likely entail and exam of the knee and x-rays. If there is a concern for significant ligament or cartilage injury, you will be referred on to an orthopedist and may ultimately need an MRI.
Grade 3 knee sprains or sprains involving damage to multiple ligaments will likely require surgery. This may involve the reconstruction of one or more ligaments using tissue from you or a donor.
How Do Health Care Professionals Diagnose A Knee Injury
The diagnosis of a knee injury is made by a physician on the basis of history, physical examination, and sometimes the use of or .
Depending on the how the knee was injured and whether or not there are accompanying medical issues, the doctor will perform specific tests involving bending or twisting the knee to test the stability of the ligaments and check for damage to the cartilage. Knee-bending tests done by your doctor are designed to isolate specifically which ligament or part of the cartilage has been damaged.
Further testing with , CT scans, or may be necessary to evaluate the extent of the injury and help determine treatment and prognosis. X-rays and CT scans are used to asses for bony injuries , and MRIs are used to evaluate soft-tissue damage .
Treatment for a knee injury depends on the part of the knee that is damaged and the extent of the damage.
Some injuries such as simple or sprains are treated with home remedies such as RICE therapy . Taking time off from sports and may be enough for minor injuries and knee pain to heal. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories such as or may help treat the pain and inflammation from these minor injuries. Chronic knee injuries may respond to heat therapy.
See a doctor for knee pain and injury if you experience the following:
- Severe pain
You Experience Greater Than Normal Movement
If you feel like your range of motion in the knee is higher than usual, something might be out of place or injured. This is known as joint instability.
You may feel like your knee will buckle or fold with walking, twisting, or weight-bearing.
The sensation of the knee giving away may occur with simple daily activities or upon return to sport following what was thought to be a minor injury, explains Dr. Brown.
Additional episodes of joint instability may worsen the condition of a knee after an injury. Tears of the ACL or MCL and patellar dislocations could also create joint instability, he says.
Hundreds of thousands of exercise injuries occur each year. Among these, knee injuries are the most common.
The best plan of action is to make an appointment with an orthopedic surgeon.
Wear a compression-sleeve-type brace or a knee brace with hinges in the interim, says Dr. Brown.
This may provide some comfort or level of support. Use crutches if you feel like you could fall and suffer additional injury because of knee joint instability.
Another type of hypermobility can occur when the kneecap moves out of place. This condition is called a patella dislocation. Its usually painful when it happens, and it might be sore the next day. If it pops back in by itself, the injury might not be serious. The true test is whether you feel confident that you can resume regular activity later that day or the next day.
Experiencing Stiffness After Surgery Schedule A Consultation
Because postoperative stiffness can result from a number of causes, its important to speak to a medical professional if youre experiencing lingering pain and a limited range of motion. To optimize your flexibility and strength, we also recommend scheduling regular appointments with a physical therapist throughout your recovery process.
OrthoBethesda offers orthopedic care and physical therapy services to patients before and after surgery. Contact us today to learn more about your knee replacement surgery options or schedule a consultation.
How Long Does A Knee Injury Take To Heal
Knee injuries arent uncommon for athletes and runners. While getting injured is all part of the game, your journey to recovery shouldnt be a difficult one.If youve suffered a knock to your knee before, youll be familiar with how it disrupts your everyday life. This may have made you more cautious, but its impossible to completely avoid getting injured again. The best way to safeguard against knee injury is to better understand its causes and risk factors. This explainer aims to arm you with this knowledge and outline sport injury recovery times and both conventional and alternative treatments.
How Long Do You Need Physical Therapy After A Knee Replacement
Of course, this will vary from patient to patient, depending upon your individual situation. However, in general, you can expect around 3 to 4 weeks of formal physical therapy from our
Dr. Christian Eccles, our Fellowship-trained Hip and Knee Replacement surgeon, says Therapy is vital to obtaining the best functional outcome possible after a knee replacement as it can aid in pain control, improve motion, and expedite recovery.
Our patients typically are able to drive within 2 to 4 weeks, go back to work in 6 to 8 weeks, and golf in 6 to 12 weeks.
Your physical therapy exercises that you learn should be continued on your own for a minimum of two months after your surgery. They may also recommend some additional exercises such as riding a stationary bicycle after this period to help keep your knee flexible. This will also help build your muscle tone.
Can Knee Injuries Be Prevented
Unfortunately, no matter how much we try to be careful, there is always the risk of an innocuous incident or unlucky accident causing a knee injury.
However, we can take precautions to decrease the risk of injury or prevent the wear and tear of the protective layers around our knees. Here are some practical tips to lower the chances of hurting your knee:
Conditions & Symptoms Of Knee Injuries
The knee is a complex joint; for this reason, it makes it one of the most easily injured parts of the body. If you notice your knee injury isnt healing, it could be because you misjudged the severity or you simply didnt give it enough time and rest. Moderate soft-tissue injuries generally need a minimum of two weeks to heal, and returning too soon from a knee injury can actually cause more pain and tissue damage.
Another type of knee injury that requires more healing time is . The knee is surrounded by several fluid-filled sacs, called bursas, which lie underneath the skin and directly above the kneecap bone. If you hit your kneecap against something hard and it doesnt break, the bursa can bleed and swell. This area takes a lot longer to heal than a normal bruise and is most often improved over time, so treatment may be more for symptom relief. Additionally, it doesnt take a hard blow to the knee to become injured. The knee can be stretched and worn out, aggravated, and partially torn due to simple, everyday movement.
The most common types of conditions and symptoms of knee injuries include:
Find out how we can help with your knee injury by contacting our office today: 812-5200.
What Is Tendinitis
Tendinitis is one of the most common kinds of knee pain. The good news: It’s easily treated.
Got knee pain? If youre an athlete or fitness enthusiast, you may have tendinitis. Many people who participate in sports or fitness activities will get tendinitis at one time or another, says Steven Stuchin, MD, director of orthopaedic surgery at NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases in New York City. The result can be severe knee pain.
What Is Tendinitis?
Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendon, a flexible band of tissue that connects the muscles to the bones. The pull of the muscles is transmitted to the bone by the tendons, which allows movement. When the tendons are inflamed, the pulling action of the muscle is impaired and movement becomes painful. There are several large tendons around the knee area. When one or more of them becomes inflamed, this is called knee tendinitis.
Tendinitis Symptoms and Risk Factors
Pain with movement is the most common symptom of knee tendinitis, says Dr. Stuchin. Moving even slightly can cause severe knee pain. The pain will be worse when running, walking fast, or going up and down stairs. There may also be swelling from the inflammation.
Tendinitis doesnt normally require a doctor’s care. Follow these recommendations to relieve the knee pain.