Talk To Your Pharmacist/gp About Pain Relief
If your pain is having a significant impact on your day-to-day life, then it is important to get your pain under control. Conventional over-the-counter medications like paracetamol and ibuprofen can be extremely effective for joint pain when taken correctly. For further advice on how best to take these, you can always ask your local pharmacist who will be able to tailor advice to your situation. If you are finding that these medications are not giving you sufficient pain relief, then it would be appropriate to seek further advice from your GP, who may be able to prescribe an alternative.
Using ice to ease hot, swollen joints or heat for sore, stiff joints can also be extremely effective forms of pain relief.
Other Causes Of Groin Pain
Groin pain is very commonly caused by problems with the hip. However, it can also be a symptom of other conditions, such as:
- a hernia a painful lump, often in the groin, which may need surgery
- lymph nodes in the groin these usually occur if theres infection in the lower leg
- gynaecological problems, which can occasionally be felt as hip pain.
We’re currently funding research into developing new techniques to measure hip shape and abnormalities in babies and children.
Children with hip problems are more likely to develop osteoarthritis and to need hip replacement surgeries as young adults. This study will develop a tool to identify children who would most benefit from treatment as early as possible, reducing long-term pain and disability.
Researchers at our Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis are also studying the reasons why hip pain is commonly seen in young footballers.
We’re also funding research looking into whether it is possible to predict the success of joint replacement surgery by looking at genetic risk factors.
This study will help doctors understand which patients are most likely to have good outcomes from joint replacement. It aims to improve patients experiences of surgery and make their new joints last longer.
Our researchers are also developing a tool to help patients make informed decisions about their treatment according to their lifestyle and needs.
How The Spine Causes Knee Pain
The nerve roots that transmit the sensation of pain to the legs and feet are located in the lower back. Occasionally with age or injury, the discs between the vertebrae can degenerate or bulge out and press on these nerves.
When this occurs, the nerve becomes irritated and sends out pain signals. The location of the pain depends on which disc is protruding.
The severity of the pain depends on how much of the disc is pressing on the nerve. The nerves that send fibers to the knee are located at the second, third, and fourth lumbar vertebral levels in the lower back area.
If a bulging disc, bone spur, or arthritic joint in the second, third, or fourth lumbar vertebra compresses a nerve, the referred pain will often be felt in the knee.
Referred pain is pain perceived at a location other than where the cause is situated. It is the result of pain signals being sent along the network of interconnecting sensory nerves.
This condition can be diagnosed by your healthcare provider with a thorough history and physical exam. If the nerve that travels to your thigh and knee is irritated or pinched, you may feel a host of symptoms, including:
- Pain in the front of your thigh
- Knee pain
- Numbness or tingling in your thigh
- Weakness in your hip or quadriceps muscles
If you have any of these symptoms, see a healthcare provider. In some cases, the hip may be the culprit, so a careful examination is necessary to find the true cause of your knee pain.
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Can Bunions Cause Knee Pain Causes And Remedies
To answer your question, Bunions do not cause knee pain however, that is accompanied by a big BUT!
Bunions are a foot deformity of the metatarsophalangeal joint at the base of the big toe. It is a progressive foot deformity caused due to soft tissue and bone outgrowth. A lump is formed, which is inflamed and painful to touch.
Bunions can cause discomfort and hindrance in everyday walking. You are not the only one with this problem as most athletes or skiers have also complained about this problem. Most adult population faces this issue every day, and that is why pediatricians and doctors have done extensive research on bunions.
Bunions may not cause knee pain, but they are a source of underlying medical foot conditions combined with the bunion aggravating knee, leg, and hip joint pain. So, the possibility of knee pain is not out of context!
Studies have shown that people with Hallux Valgus have complained about the altered social and physical life because bunions are progressive and can come back. Most people do not adhere strictly to the conditions and then develop them in later life with many complications like lower back pain and affected knee joints.
Pain In Hips And Knees Symptoms You Shouldn’t Ignore
Image of the hip joint
When it comes to your hips and knees, there are 5 symptoms you shouldnt ignore. If you delay seeing a physician, you could make your pain worse. You should make an appointment if you have any of the following:
1. Not being able to maintain your normal active lifestyle. If you find yourself not able to do the activities you normally enjoy, such as tennis, golf, cycling, or walking, you should see a physician.
2. Pain that gets worse at night and interferes with sleep. Inflammation, which is your bodys reaction to pain, tends to intensify at night. This inflammation can trigger higher levels of pain.
3. Catching, popping, or locking. This is a sign that the cartilage in the joint has torn or that bits of cartilage has broken off in the joint space. The cartilage may wear away completely if it is left untreated.
4. Difficulty doing simple tasks. Some patients will experience difficulty putting on shoes and socks or doing other simple activities, such as bending down.
5. Swelling. This could also be a sign that the cartilage in the joint is breaking down. The cartilage may wear out completely if it is left untreated.
Pain in the Knees
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Can Osteoarthritis Be Prevented
Although OA is not an inevitable part of the aging process, the condition is a result of a combination of factors, many of which can be modified or prevented. Doctor recommendations to reduce the risk of OA or delay its onset include:
- Maintaining a healthy weight. Extra weight puts added pressure on weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees. In addition, fat produces cytokines, destructive proteins that stimulate inflammation throughout the body, alter cartilage cells and destroy joint tissue. In short, if you are overweight, losing just a few pounds can reduce stress and inflammation.
- Controlling your blood sugar. High blood sugar levels can cause cartilage to harden more quickly, while diabetes can trigger inflammation that leads to cartilage loss.
- Staying active. Keep joints healthy from the get-go. Even just 30 minutes of moderately intense exercise five times a week strengthens the muscles that support and stabilize your hips and knees and helps joints stay limber.
- Protecting your joints. Of course, injuries cant be completely avoided, but be careful when lifting heavy objects, and take breaks when you are doing something that puts stress on your hips or knees.
- Keeping a healthy lifestyle. The best defense is offense. Sleep, healthy diet, exercise and stress management all can contribute to keeping your joints healthy.
Physical Therapy And Hip/knee Pain
The physical therapy treatments at OSR Physical Therapy can help to greatly reduce your hip and knee pain. In many cases, it can even relieve it all together, sparing you the need for potentially harmful medication or surgical correction.
Our Anthem, Phoenix, Peoria, Gilbert, Scottsdale, Sun City, Glendale & Moon Valley, AZ, physical therapists will examine your hip and/or knee for signs of misalignment or structural damage, in addition to examining your stance, posture, gait, and range of motion. After your physical exam is complete, our physical therapists will prescribe a physical therapy plan for you, aimed at relieving unnatural stresses and strains, and normalizing your joint function.
You will be given targeted exercises designed for relieving joint pain and stabilizing the weak hip and/or knee tissues. The exercises may vary depending on your condition for example, research has demonstrated that those suffering from patella pain tend to respond better to exercises that focus on strengthening both the hips and knees, rather than just focusing on the knees alone.
You may also be given exercises designed to strengthen the core, including your lower back muscle groups, lower abdominal muscle groups, or pelvic muscles. Core exercises are aimed at straightening your posture and equalizing the weight load on both sides of your body.
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What’s Causing The Pain
Dr. Elson says pain in the side of your hip most often results from one of the following conditions:
Tendinitis. This is an inflammation of the tendons that connect the gluteal muscles in your buttocks to the hip bone. “Tendinitis develops because of muscle imbalance. It could be from a lack of activity, crossing your legs, or even sitting on a wallet,” Dr. Elson says.
Overuse injury. When you walk or run, weak hip and buttock muscles can tighten and irritate the iliotibial band a long band of connective tissue that runs from the knee to the hip. It merges with the gluteal muscles to stabilize the leg.
Tight muscles in the buttocks and hip. If the gluteal muscles and IT band are too tight, they pull at the thighbone where they attach, and that causes pain on the side.
Spine problems. “The body isn’t always smart in recognizing where the pain is coming from,” Dr. Elson explains, “and spine arthritis, a , or bones in the spine rubbing together can create pain in the side of your hip.”
Managing Hip Pain At Home
If you do not need to see a doctor straight away, consider managing and monitoring the problem at home.
You may find it helpful to:
- lose weight if you’re overweight to relieve some of the strain on your hip
- avoid activities that make the pain worse, such as downhill running
- wear flat shoes and avoid standing for long periods
- see a physiotherapist for some muscle-strengthening exercises
- take painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen
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How The Knees Are Linked To The Back
A study was conducted involving 160 patients that connected various forms of spinal imbalance to knee osteoarthritis in seniors. Researchers learned that the angle of spinal inclination was the number one factor in increased knee arthritis, but that a number of spinal imbalances increased knee problems. This is not the only evidence that a misaligned spine can lead to knee pain. But why does it happen?
For one thing, the nerves that detect sensations in the knee are all linked to the lower spine. Thats why sciatica pain can extend down the leg and even cause knee pain. Pain often radiates from the lower back when this is the case, but pain can also occur in the knee without pain in the lower back area.The lower back nerves are also responsible for how the muscles around the knee function. Therefore, a minor irritation in the lower back can cause dysfunction in how the muscles around the knees function. This, in turn, can lead to pain that may not seem to trace back to the spine. Doctors may try everything to correct the knee issue, but without looking higher to discover the underlying problem, knee pain just keeps returning.
When To Get Medical Advice
But see a GP if:
- your hip is still painful after 1 week of resting it at home
- you also have a fever or rash
- your hip pain came on suddenly and you have sickle cell anaemia
- the pain is in both hips and other joints as well
Your GP may ask you the following questions:
- Where do you feel the pain?
- When and how did the pain start?
- Does anything make the pain worse?
- Does anything make the pain better?
- Can you walk and bear weight on it?
- Do you have any other medical problems?
- Do you take any medicines?
Go straight to hospital if:
- the hip pain was caused by a serious fall or accident
- your leg is deformed, badly bruised or bleeding
- you’re unable to move your hip or bear any weight on your leg
- you have hip pain with a temperature and feel unwell
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Potential Causes Of Pain Radiating From Hip To Knee
Most hip pain is caused from overworking the muscles either by repetitive stress or overdoing exercises. The pain is caused by inflammation of the soft tissues and tendons of the hip. Usually this pain is relieved in a few days. Prolonged hip pain can be the cause of a specific condition. When the hip joint is injured, pain can be felt in the groin all the way down to the knee. Sometimes knee pain is the only sign that the hip is injured – this is called referred pain.
A slipped lumbar disc in your lower back can also cause pain that is felt in your hip. With a lumbar disc injury, your knee and leg may also feel weak. Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of your spinal cord and nerves, which can cause isolated hip pain felt along with a numb feeling in the knees and legs. A sprain in your lower back, or a lumbosacral sprain, is an injury to the ligaments in your lower back. Pain from this injury accumulates to one side of the spine around the hip, making it difficult to bend or twist.
All these hip pain causes can be treated with conservative, therapeutic treatments.
How Do I Treat Arthritis In The Hip
There is no magic cure for this. But there is a number of ways to reduce the pain, and take your lifestyle back.
- Exercise: Low impact strength training like aerobics or tai chi
- Weight loss: Aim to lose 5% within a 20-week period
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs
- Topical NSAIDs
- Opioid and narcotic analgesics *
Some physicians may suggest joint lavage and arthroscopic debridement. However, the medical community is divided on how effective either of these procedures may be.
The joint lavage comes from the French word for clean, and as you can imagine the procedure involves the cleaning and flushing of the joint with a sterile solution. Results have been mixed.
Whereas, arthroscopic debridement involves your surgeon removing loose tissue fragments from your hip joint. Again, results have been mixed.
Both procedures have been described as both a good short term solution to pain, as well as criticized as a mere placebo.
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Treatments For Pain Down Front Of Thigh To Knee
Treatment of your pain down front of thigh to knee, is based on an accurate diagnosis of your condition. In other cases, you will be able to treat your thigh pain at home. However, other causes of thigh pain are emergencies. If your pain is caused by a stroke or blood clots, you need to get treatment immediately. A blood transfusion requires the care and management of anti-embolism and blood thinners.
Exercise has been proven to help relieve thigh pain that includes your muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. This is known as your muscular system. If your pain comes from your back, lumbar stretching and strengthening exercises can be done to reduce pressure from the spinal cord. Exercise that corrects your posture can also be helpful.
Thigh pain from a quad or hamstring problem responds well to stretching and strengthening exercises. Your physiotherapist can help determine the best stretch for your thigh pain. Exercise can also help you to maintain a healthy weight and fitness indexes. This can reduce your symptoms and prevent back pain down front of thigh to knee.
Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory if the cause of your pain is an inflammatory condition such as tendonitis or severe stress. For mild symptoms, over-the-counter Advil or an anti-inflammatory cream like Aspercreme may be recommended.
3. Ice and Heat
4. See a doctor for pain
5. Physical Therapy / Massage Therapy
Can Hip Problems Cause Knee Pain
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What Causes Hip Knee And Leg Pain
Hip pain and knee pain is often caused by an over-use injury from a repetitive motion. Such as swinging a golf club or tennis racquet. Surprisingly, even a less strenuous activity like gardening can cause a pain in the knee or hip pain. Other common causes include osteoarthritis, bursitis, or an injury or fall.
Hip Pain That Travels Down The Leg
Hip pain may sometimes radiate or be referred to the knee or lower in the leg. Pain in the lower limb is usually associated with joint stiffness and makes daily activities hard to perform. Activities such as putting on shoes, standing up after sitting, walking, and/or driving are commonly affected.
Hip pain can occur in the front, side, or back of the hip.1 The nerves from the hip that travel down the leg commonly cause radiating pain in the thigh, knee, and/or lower in the leg.2 Pain may also be referred from muscles or joints. Here are some potential causes of hip pain that travels down the leg.
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