Monday, August 15, 2022

Can Flu Cause Nerve Pain

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The flu virus can sometimes be confused for other conditions, such as pneumonia. If you have a cough, shortness of breath, fever, chills, fatigue, and low appetite, in addition to a sharp chest pain, a fever that doesn’t go away, or you are coughing up a lot of phlegm, see your healthcare provider to rule pneumonia out.

Difference Between Flu And Covid

The symptoms of COVID-19 and flu can be similar.

If you are unwell with flu-like symptoms, contact the COVID-19 hotline on 1800 675 398 or your GP to check if you require COVID-19 testing.

The symptoms to watch out for are:

  • loss or changein sense of smell or taste
  • fever

Some people may also experience headache, muscle soreness, stuffy nose, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.

Potential Complications Of Guillain

The weakness and paralysis that occurs with Guillain-Barré syndrome can affect multiple parts of your body.

Complications may include difficulty breathing when the paralysis or weakness spreads to muscles that control breathing. If this occurs, you may need a respirator to help you breathe.

Complications can also include:

  • lingering weakness, numbness, or other odd sensations even after recovery
  • heart or blood pressure problems
  • pain

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Why Your Muscles Ache

Our research has also uncovered another aspect of how influenza infection affects our bodies.

It is well-known that muscle aches and weakness are prominent symptoms of influenza infection. Our study in an animal model found that influenza infection leads to an increase in the expression of muscle-degrading genes and a decrease in expression of muscle-building genes in skeletal muscles in the legs.

Functionally, influenza infection also hinders walking and leg strength. Importantly, in young individuals, these effects are transient and return to normal once the infection was cleared.

In contrast, these effects can linger significantly longer in older individuals. This is important, since a decrease in leg stability and strength could result in older folks being more prone to falls during recovery from influenza infection. It could also result in long-term disability and lead to the need for a cane or walker, limiting mobility and independence.

Researchers in my lab think that this impact of influenza infection on muscles is another unintended consequence of the immune response to the virus. We are currently working to determine what specific factors produced during the immune response are responsible for this and if we can find a way to prevent it.

Thus, while you feel miserable when you have an influenza infection, you can rest assured that it is because your body is fighting hard. Its combating the spread of the virus in your lungs and killing infected cells.

Home Remedies For Nerve Pain

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Several self-care strategies can help you cope and live better with unexplained nerve pain.

  • Get moving. Regular exercise may expand blood vessels in the feet over time, nourishing damaged nerves back to health. Start with a daily walk and gradually build up pace and distance.
  • Step up foot care. If you have nerve pain in the feet, examine them daily, wear comfortable shoes, and see a podiatrist regularly.
  • Get some sleep. Getting a good night’s sleep can be tricky if you have nerve pain. Increase the odds by limiting caffeine intake in the afternoon, keeping a consistent bedtime, and reserving the bedroom for sleep.
  • Explore the mind-body connection. Ask your doctor or a trusted friend for a referral to a reputable professional who provides guided imagery, meditation, biofeedback, or hypnosis.

If your nerve pain isn’t responding to medications and self-care, it may be time to talk to a neuropathic pain specialist. Your primary care doctor will provide a referral, most likely to a neurologist. A neuropathic pain specialist may be familiar with the multiple “off-label” uses of drugs for nerve pain and be able to provide you with additional help.

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How Common Is Gbs How Common Is It Among People Who Have Been Vaccinated Against Flu

The background rate for GBS in the Unites States is about 80 to 160 cases of GBS each week, regardless of vaccination. The data on the association between GBS and seasonal flu vaccination are variable and inconsistent across flu seasons. If there is an increased risk of GBS following flu vaccination it is small, on the order of one to two additional GBS cases per million doses of flu vaccine administered.

What Causes A Headache

When you are suffering from a cold or flu, a headache can form thanks to infection-fighting molecules called cytokines. These little molecules are released by your immune system. While their primary function is to fight off infection, they can bring on inflammation which in turn can cause headache in some people.

Another cause of a headache is pressure caused by the swelling and inflammation of the sinus cavities to accommodate increased mucus from a cold or flu. This can cause the feeling of persistent pain that you feel during this bout of headache.

If you dont have a cold or flu or any other illness, and your headache concerns you, see your doctor for advice.

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So Why Does Sirva Happen

Dr. Donohue explains that doctors and nurses are properly trained in landmarking, or determining where a vaccine should be given in the arm and using the proper needle length. When a needle is injected too deep the deltoid muscle can be penetrated and structures within the shoulder can be damaged such as the rotator cuff or joint capsule, he explains. In very rare cases the axillary or radial nerves in the upper arm could be injured.

According to the 2012 case report, SIRVA is due to an inflammatory effect from vaccine administration into the subdeltoid bursa, or a fluid-filled sac located under the deltoid muscle in the shoulder joint.

A 2018 study published in the Canadian Pharmacists Journal, specified that it occurs when an injection is administered too high in the arm, and the vaccine is delivered to the shoulder capsule instead of the deltoid muscle.

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What Are The Symptoms Of A Cold And Flu Headache

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What youll notice most about a cold and flu headache is the persistent pain that never seems to let up. The pain may even affect your focus and concentration.

Sinus and congestion headaches have their own distinctive symptoms the pain you experience with these headaches feels like a band of pressure wrapping around your head, in particular around your nose and sinus areas. The pain can get stronger with any sudden movements of your head. Headaches like these are usually worse in the morning because mucus builds up whilst you are asleep, adding to the pressure.

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Conditions That Cause Nerve Pain

Although some people develop nerve pain for no known reason, many others develop it because of a certain health problem such as diabetes, shingles, or cancer. Treating such conditions can indirectly reduce or stop the pain. However, it’s also possible to treat the pain accompanying these conditions while undergoing treatment for the causative conditions themselves.

How To Relieve A Headache

There are many causes of a headache and while there is no absolute cure, there are ways to find relief. Before turning to the medicine cabinet you can:

  • Have a warm bath or shower. This soothes, calms and relaxes muscles.
  • Get a head full of fresh air. Go outside and take a walk.
  • Doing gentle neck stretches will also help loosen your neck muscles and provide relief.

Drink up! A common cause of headaches is dehydration, so make sure you have plenty of fluids.

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Looking After Yourself When You Have The Flu

The best things you can do to look after yourself when you have the flu are:

  • Rest you will probably feel very weak and tired until your temperature returns to normal . Rest provides comfort and allows your body to use its energy to fight the infection.
  • Stay at home stay away from work, school and any places where you may have contact with others, especially while you are contagious. The period during which adults are contagious is usually around 35 days from when the first symptoms appear, and up to 7 days in younger children.
  • Drink plenty of fluids extra fluids are needed to replace those lost because of the fever . If your urine is dark, you need to drink more. Try to drink a glass of fluids, such as water, every hour while you are awake.

Natural Treatments For Nerve Pain

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Some people with nerve pain respond to other treatments known as complementary, natural, or alternative treatments. For example, acupuncture may help some, while dietary supplements may help others. However, you and your doctor should discuss the use of these treatments and supplements to be sure they don’t interfere with other medical therapies.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Nerve Pain

Nerve pain often feels like a shooting, stabbing or burning sensation. Sometimes it can be as sharp and sudden as an electric shock. People with neuropathic pain are often very sensitive to touch or cold and can experience pain as a result of stimuli that would not normally be painful, such as brushing the skin.

Its often worse at night. It might be mild or it might be severe.

People who have nerve pain often find that it interferes with important parts of life such as sleep, sex, work and exercise.

Some people with nerve pain become angry and frustrated, and may have anxiety and depression.

Lyme And Neuropathy: How To Ease Nerve Pain Tingling And Weakness

Lyme disease can affect several systems of the body the brain, nervous system, joints, heart, and more.

The list of symptoms infected individuals can experience is expansive and varies from person to person.

Its one of the reasons a Lyme disease diagnosis may be controversial.

Yet, one thing everyone seems to agree on about the tick-borne disease is that it can significantly impact the nervous system, especially without prompt treatment in the early stages of the infection.

Unfortunately, Lyme often goes missed early on. The telltale sign of a Lyme infection an erythema migrans rash, or the classic bulls-eye rash doesnt occur in every case. .

And the initial symptoms of infection may be nothing more than fever, chills, headache, fatigue, or muscle aches, making them easy to miss or brush off as a case of the flu.

But as the disease advances, the bacteria associated with Lyme, Borrelia burgdorferi, spreads via the bloodstream to other parts of the body, a process known as dissemination. This occurs in the days and weeks following infection, referred to as early disseminated Lyme disease.

If an infection goes untreated for months to years, however, theres a good chance the infection will proceed to late stage or late disseminated Lyme disease, sometimes called chronic Lyme disease. Thats when the nervous system can become involved, and symptoms ratchet up to a whole new level.

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What Causes Nerve Pain

Nerve pain can be due to problems in the central nervous system , or in the nerves that run from there to the muscles and organs. It is usually caused by disease or injury.

Common causes include:

There are other conditions associated with nerve pain.

Sciatica is pressure on the nerves of the lower back that causes pain down the leg. The pain can be accompanied by pins and needles, numbness or weakness in the leg.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome associated with burning or aching pain in different parts of the body. The cause is not well understood, but it can be triggered by emotional distress and poor sleep. There may be genetic factors, too.

Peripheral neuropathy occurs when the peripheral nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body are damaged. Its caused by diabetes, autoimmune diseases and other conditions.

How Can I Avoid The Flu

Treating Nerve Pain in the Back, Neck and Legs

Getting a flu shot every year is recommended for all people from 6 months. Many people in the above groups are eligible for free flu vaccination each year under the National Immunisation Program.

While not 100% effective, the vaccine provides a high level of protection and can reduce symptoms in those still getting sick.

Anyone in these at-risk groups with flu-like symptoms should see their doctor as soon as possible.

The original recommended timing between receipt of the 2 vaccines was a preferred minimum interval of 2 weeks .

Based on the latest medical advice the preferred minimum interval between vaccinations for COVID-19 and the flu is now 7 days.

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How The Flu Works Its Way Into Your Body

Influenza virus causes an infection in the respiratory tract, or nose, throat and lungs. The virus is inhaled or transmitted, usually via your fingers, to the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose or eyes. It then travels down the respiratory tract and binds to epithelial cells lining the lung airways via specific molecules on the cell surface. Once inside the cells, the virus hijacks the protein manufacturing machinery of the cell to generate its own viral proteins and create more viral particles. Once mature viral particles are produced, they are released from the cell and can then go on to invade adjacent cells.

While this process causes some lung injury, most of the symptoms of the flu are actually caused by the immune response to the virus. The initial immune response involves cells of the bodys innate immune system, such as macrophages and neutrophils. These cells express receptors that are able to sense the presence of the virus. They then sound the alarm by producing small hormone-like molecules called cytokines and chemokines. These alert the body that an infection has been established.

Whats Causing The Pain

When infected by a virus, the body mounts an immune response, sending antibodies to seek out attack the virus, blocking it from spreading further. The pain you feel in your joints when you have the flu is due to the bodys immune response, not the actual flu, Donaldson says. Once the antibodies have bonded with influenza, the body produces a type of protein to kill the virus. This protein is what causes the symptoms, Donaldson says.

Additionally, white blood cells produce cytokines which are small proteins used for cell signaling which causes inflammation in muscles and joints. Inflammation can cause pain that feels similar to mild arthritis, Donaldson says.

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I Think I Have The Flu Should I See A Doctor

Most people who are generally healthy wont need to see their doctor for the flu. Their immune system will fight the infection and symptoms will usually clear up on their own.

If you think you have the flu, try to rest, maintain a good fluid intake, and manage your symptoms. This will help you recover and prevent dehydration.

If you do need to see a GP for your symptoms, make sure you call ahead first so they can make sure theres no one in an at-risk group around when you have your appointment.

When Should You Contact Your Doctor

Neuropathic Pain

If you suspect you have the flu, then you should see the doctor within 48 hours because medicine has to be taken very quickly, Dr. Peterson says. Err on the side of caution.

Dr. Khabbaza says that if you’re unable to go about your normal routine, you should consider heading to the doctor. Also, if certain symptoms escalate, this could be an indication of flu, not just a chest cold, and you, again, should consider getting checked out ASAP.

Most viral infections, including the flu, tend to go away on their own. But be on the alert for signs of trouble such as shortness of breath, chest or abdominal pain, dizziness, or dehydration. If youre experiencing any of these in addition to your flu-like symptoms, call your doctor or head to an emergency room.

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Symptoms Of Unexplained Nerve Pain

Idiopathic peripheral neuropathy, like diabetic neuropathy, usually causes numbness in the hands and feet. The numbness may go unnoticed if it causes no pain.

Nerve pain in idiopathic peripheral neuropathy is usually in the feet and legs but can also be in the hands and arms. People describe their unexplained nerve pain in different ways:

  • Burning
  • Crawling
  • Electrical shocks

Simple touching can cause nerve pain, and pain may be constant even when there’s no stimulation. Often, unexplained nerve pain is worse at night, interfering with sleep. This can compound the problem, because people need adequate sleep in order to cope with pain.

See Do Microbes Trigger Alzheimers Disease

Such a correlation doesnt prove that viruses cause the disease, but it does suggest that pathogens may play a part in neurodegenerative diseases after all, Dudley says. One thing thats different today compared to previous musings on the pathogen hypothesis is that we have much more powerful sequencing methods that can take a more unbiased look at the microbial DNA/RNA landscape of brain tissue, he says. We are likely to get an even better look at this question as we apply long-read sequencing technology and single-cell sequencing technology to brain tissue samples.

HIV is another virus researchers suspect could cause Alzheimers-like or Parkinsons-like brain damage. In the 1990s, scientists showed that HIV could traverse the blood-brain barrier, and subsequent studies revealed that when the virus infiltrates the brain, it spurs neuronal death and a loss of synaptic connections.10 More recently, physicians have started reporting on patients with HIV who develop dementia and a loss of brain matter that mirrors whats seen in Alzheimers patients, Sara Salinas, a pathologist and virologist at the University of Montpellier in France, and colleagues explain in a 2018 review article in Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience.11 More-recent studies show that HIV patients develop plaques of amyloid . And, Smeyne says, HIV patients can also develop slowness in movement and tremors.

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