What Can Be Done To Fix Flat Feet
It is very important to get the feet properly assessed by a Physiotherapist or a Podiatrist at the first sign of pain or discomfort. Remember , the longer you are in pain, the longer it will take to heal. Physiotherapists will treat joint pain or swelling by using various hands on techniques. They will also massage to reduce muscle tension and joint stiffness. Finally showing you strengthening exercises to strengthen the muscles of the foot.
The next thing is to assess how you stand and walk and how this affects your feet. At our clinic we use a special equipment called Gait Scan. You are required to stand and walk across a metallic plate which scans the feet to know the high pressure areas in your foot. Based on these scans, flat feet insoles or arch supports are fitted to provide support. This in turn reduces the impact on other joints such as the knees and lower back and prevent future issues. Orthotics can be worn in any closed shoe. It is advisable to gradually increase the time wearing them starting from an hour a day.
What Happens When Feet Roll In More Than They Should
When the foot strikes the ground, the ankle and feet rollinward. This action is normal for every human being and is definitely not always a problem. However, when done in excess or the foot and ankle does not have enough strength to control this rotation, it can lead to an inward rotation of the lower leg and problems at other joints.
The extra inward rotation of the leg due to the movement of the foot will directly impact the structure right in the middle the knee joint! The knee is very much subject to the relationship and movement patterns of the higher and lower joints .
This action will have impact on knee alignment and in some cases, may cause the knee cap to not track properly. This in turn may cause misalignment of the hip, affecting the upper leg and possibly the lower back which causes a whole chain reaction of compensations. Its important to remember that the foot is the first part of the body to strike the ground when we move, therefore it plays a major role in dictating the movement of the rest of the body.
Overpronation Knee Pain And Injuries
Overpronation, where the ankle rolls inwards while running, is often harmless, but it can also cause pain and injuries throughout the bodys kinetic chain.
The problem occurs when the overpronation of the ankle joint causes the lower leg to rotate inwards, which then places extra forces on the knee.
This article will go through the science behind overpronation and knee pain, as well as what a runner can do about it.
Basically, if your foot arch overpronates then it can cause pain in the foot, shins, knee, hip and even the lower back, simply because the leg isnt aligned correctly.
So what actually happens when a person runs on a foot that overpronates?
When the foot first hits the floor, the ankle and foot rolls inwards.
To a certain extent this is normal, but when it happens excessively it causes the lower leg to also rotate inwards.
This affects the alignment of the knee, so it sometimes doesnt track in the patella-femoral groove correctly.
The result is extra rubbing and strain on the knee joint, which results in pain. When this happens, the upper leg is affected and the hip becomes mis-aligned.
Finally, this can then cause the lower back to twist, completing an entire chain of problems.
This is why the lower body is often said to be connected via a kinetic chain: if there is a problem with one part of the chain then it can affect the others.
Finding out whether you overpronate is actually relatively straightforward process.
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Ankle And Foot Surgeons & Podiatrists Located In Millburn Nj & Livingston Nj
Your flat feet may not give you too much trouble, but they can cause heel pain and even lead to ankle or knee pain due to alterations in the alignment of your legs. Jay Bhuta, DPM, at Ankle & Foot Doctors of New Jersey — providing care for patients in the areas of Millburn, Livingston, Union, Springfield, Florham Park, Short Hills, West Orange, Maplewood, and Summit – is an expert podiatrist and surgeon who can assess your feet and provide treatment to help reduce the risk of both foot and leg pain from your flat feet. For an evaluation and treatment plan, call the office or schedule an appointment using the online booking button.
- Book Online
How Shoes And Feet Affect Your Knees
Shoes and feet have a deep impact on knee pain. Lets know what happens in your body lower structure when you step forward? The impact of every step falls on foot and ankle first, and then it goes up to the knees, hip and back.
The shoes that have not enough cushioned support and internal support can cause knee pain. Besides, improper shoes can cause knee pain when you want to move your posture and gait. Here are some ways that improper shoes can affect your knees.
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Common Knee Conditions Link To Flat Feet:
Runners knee is a condition relating to pain at the front of the knee. It occurs usually in active individual.
It is usually described as a nagging discomfort on the inner side of the knee or behind the kneecap. This pain is typically aggravated by prolonged walking or repeated stairs climbing.
The root cause of this condition is often trace to pronation of the foot. When the foot pronates excessively, the entire lower limb twists towards the inside causing a shift of the pressures to the inner side of the knee and on the under surface of the knee cap. This change in pressure causes the knee and back of the kneecap to wear off unevenly. Over time, this uneven wear and tear causes pain. Studies have shown an association of flat foot issues/ overpronation with frequent knee pain and medial knee cartilage damage in older adults. Hence it is important for you to correct the issue of overpronation to prevent secondary stress and strains to the knee.
ACL sprain or tear is a rotational stress injury to the knee. As mentioned, the knee is not designed to rotate. So if excessive rotation is subjected to the knee via pronation of the foot, the ligament will tear or overstretched leading to ACL injury.
Loss Of Enjoyment In Your Hobbies
When your feet tire out quickly and fallen arches lead to back pain or joint pain, its not surprising if you stop participating in your favorite activities. Hiking or even walking your dog around the block can cause severe discomfort.
Not only does this disrupt your daily routine, but the decreased mobility can keep you from getting regular physical activity.
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Can Having Flat Feet Cause Back Problems
Back pain is a common condition that affects people all over the world. It can be caused by active incidents such as straining or spraining while lifting or inherent conditions like kyphosis. A less obvious cause can be a persons gait or in most cases, the structure of their feet.
Can having flat feet cause back problems? Absolutely, though other factors can aggravate the symptoms. Fortunately, the treatment options for this kind of back pain are relatively simple, as long as the cause is addressed before things get worse.
Are Flat Feet Curable
Flat feet are usually not too worrying in most people, so treatment is generally not necessary.
Flat feet only need to be treated if you show disturbing symptoms such as pain, overpronation, or disabling health conditions.
Perform leg stretches regularly to adjust the movement of the foot so that it does not rotate forward. Reduce weight if your flat feet are caused by obesity.
This helps to ease the burden and pressure on your back, knees, and soles of the feet.
If flat feet and back pain causing difficulty in walking, orthotic shoes can relieve the pressure and reduce the pain.
Some people find that orthotic shoes with full soles give a little relief.
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What Happens If Someone Has Flat Feet And Back Pain
The most common symptom of flat feet is a pain. The pain can occur in the area of the soles, ankles, calves, thighs, knees, hips, and lower back.
This might occur if the ankle is pointing inward while you are standing or walking, known as over-pronation.
Pronation is a normal movement in the foot at the end of each step we do to absorb the impact on the foot every time it hits the ground.
Unlike pronation, over-pronation occurs when the ankle rotates in too far, past the point needed for shock absorption. This condition is characterized by both feet, pointing out when standing.
Flat feet can also be marked by swelling or stiffness in one or both legs some cases, feet that are quickly tired or sprained when running.
Foot movements, such as tiptoeing on the toes, can also be challenging to do if you have flat feet.Flat foot symptoms are varied and generally depend on the severity of the condition.
What Are Flat Feet
Flat feet, also known as pes planus or fallen arches, is a postural deformity that occurs when the arch of the foot collapses and comes into complete or near-complete contact with the ground. This condition may occur at the time of birth or develop over time as a result of aging or injury. Flat feet can usually be self-diagnosed, either by the wet footprint test or the shoe inspection test. Simply wet your feet and look at the wet imprint of your foot. The thicker the imprint between the heel and ball of the foot, the flatter the foot. By contrast, a high arch foot will only show your heel and the top part of your foot near your toes.
Similarly, if you inspect your shoes and see more wear on the inside of the soles, that would be evidence of flat feet. The shoes upper will also tend to lean inward over the sole as a result of the faulty foot mechanics. Flat feet are typically associated with excessive pronation of the foot. Overpronation occurs when the arch of the foot descends downward and inward as the foot strikes the ground. This overpronation causes the foot to be less able to absorb shock, placing greater stress on the feet, ankles, and knees.
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Flat Foot May Be Associated With Knee Pain And Arthritis
Could your knee pain be related to flat feet?
The study will be published in the journal Arthritis Care & Research and was designed to examine whether a relationship exist between flat-foot and knee pain from cartilage damage.”
The researchers compared the odds of knee pain among those with flat foot and those without. They also measured the odds of cartilage damage in each knee compartment. The team studied 1903 participants, of which 22% claimed to have daily knee pain. They found that those with the flattest feet had 1.3 times the odds of knee pain, and 1.4 times the odds of medial TF cartilage damage.
A report by Reuters Health included an interview with lead author K. Douglas Gross, that quotes Gross, of Boston University School of Medicine and assistant professor of physical therapy at the Massachusetts General Hospital Institute of Health Professions in Boston, as saying the findings do not conclude that flat foot causes knee pain. The researchers did not determine whether it causes knee pain or whether cartilage damage causing the knee pain leads to flat foot.
The report also features a quote from Gross that explains feet that flatten can change the overall body posture and the way the individual moves, which may cause damage to the joints or knee cartilage over time.
The Downsides Of Flat Feet
People with flat feet might experience the following symptoms:
- Fatigue or pain when standing/walking/running
- Aching and swollen feet
- Pain in the back, legs, hips, and knees
A lack of arch height may require other tendons in the foot and ankle to overcompensate. For example, many people with flat feet report pain in the Achilles tendon, which resides at the back of your foot and ankle. This pain can migrate up the leg as well, affecting the comfort of your knees, hips, and back.
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Can Foot Problems Cause Knee Pain
Most people think that their knee hurting is the result of knee injuries or the diseases stated above. But your foot might also be the reason why they hurt. Have you noticed your foot and ankle feeling painful lately? Then the pain will radiate to your leg and eventually make its way up?
This may be because you have a foot or ankle condition that is affecting your leg and knee. A patient may not think that foot pain and knee pain are related, but it does happen sometimes.
Lets take a look at some of the possible causes of your foot pain which can radiate all the way to your knee and kneecap.
Custom Orthotics & Knee Pain
Custom insoles or orthotics are an excellent way of restoring natural foot support in knee pain sufferers. When you place orthotics, arch supports or insoles into your shoes, the arches have some of the mechanical support that they evolved to rely upon. The great news is that this reduction in strain can for many mean a reduction in knee pain.
If you have knee pain and flat feet custom insoles could be a major part of the solution.
If you have such stubborn knee pain that custom orthotics etc dont bring relief for, you may have an additional need for strengthening the muscles around the knee and hip. There are also many knee pain sufferers who have developed scar tissue around their knee joints.
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Are Flat Feet And Back Pain Correlating Each Other
Yes. they are. And it was published in several medical journals such as the National Center for Biotechnology Information.
This is similar to the problems about how flat feet that can affect the way we walk, run, or even standing.
One of the foot arch function is activated as a spring to distribute weight on your feet as you walk.
This arch structure determines how a persons overall body pattern goes. And the feet must be sturdy but flexible enough to adjust to various surfaces and pressures.
Whats A Secondary Condition
First of all, its important to understand secondary conditions in general, according to the VAs evaluations.
In contrast to a direct service-connected condition, which is when military service directly caused a medical condition, a secondary disability is a condition that is caused by or made worse by, the existing direct service-connected condition.
The existence of secondary-claims makes it possible to receive benefits for some conditions that veterans otherwise would not be able to link to their service. Many secondary conditions develop some time after the time of service.
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Visit The Spine And Rehab Group Ny For An Accurate Diagnosis Of Your Back Pain
While flat feet may be a cause of back pain, its not the only factor. Even if you get a flat foot diagnosis, its important to consult your doctor about other causes of your back pain.
At The Spine And Rehab Group NY, we have years of experience in helping our clients identify and treat the source of their back pains. With certified doctors and highly trained specialists, we provide our patients with personalized and long-lasting solutions to ease their back pain.
How Flat Feet And Back Pain Are Related
A flat foot is characterized by your feet having low arches, which makes the entire sole of your foot touch the ground when you walk. Flat-footed people are 50% more likely to experience back pain compared to people with normal or high arches, with other factors like lifestyle and pre-existing conditions aggravating the symptoms.
Flat feet are normal in infants and small children, but it usually corrects itself around age 2 to 3 years old. However, genetics and underdevelopment during childhood can make this condition persist until they become adults, at which point it develops into pes planus or what we know as flat feet.
While injuries or other health conditions can cause flat feet, its mostly hereditary. You can get flat feet as an adult if you experience:
- Torn tendons in the calf and leg
- Inflammation or damage of the posterior tibial tendon
- Broken bones
- Nerve damage
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Get Expert Sports Injury Treatment And Prevention
If you do start feeling consistent pain in your heels, shins, or elsewhere, dont worry. We can help you determine what the source is and recommend a course of action to get you back to action. Our goal will always be to keep you running safely and comfortably.
Schedule an appointment at Advanced Foot & Ankle Centers of Illinois by giving us a call or filling out our online contact form.
How Are Flat Feet Treated
Flat feet that dont cause problems usually need no treatment. Kids with flat feet should wear supportive, well-fitting shoes, but dont need shoe inserts. They can do all the things that other children do.
Flat feet that cause pain or are linked to bone problems or tight tendons might need treatment. This could include shoe inserts to support the arch, physical therapy, special exercises, casting, or rarely, surgery. Kids with problems from flat feet usually need to see an orthopedic health care provider, who specializes in bones and joints.